IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. It is a form of reproductive method that is assisted with medical science. In this form of treatment eggs of the woman are combined with a man’s sperms in a clinical environment. The fertilized eggs are then planted inside the uterus after embryo successfully forms in clinical setup. Among the different kinds of fertility treatments it is one of the most effective forms.
Who opts for IVF?
Couples resort to IVF if they are unable to conceive in any other way or experience natural fertility in Sydney. This occurs when blockage is found in the Fallopian tubes of women. A woman might not ovulate properly or she might suffer from endometriosis. It is a condition where the uterus lining grows in other parts. Often the man might be infertile for which a sperm donor is used. In certain cases egg donors are required.
How IVF has opted for?
Those who take up IVF usually take a drug for stimulating the ovaries. Several eggs are produced in the process. The injections need to be given daily. The egg development process is monitored by the doctor. Several tests like blood sample tests as well as ultrasounds are done in this treatment which is taken up when natural fertility fails. When the eggs reach maturity, these are removed from the ovaries by a needle. This procedure is done by sedating the women or administering local anesthetics. There might be pressure or pain in the area for some time.
The next step is combining eggs with the sperm of a man. It could be the woman’s partner or husband. In case there is any problem with his sperms, an egg donor might be taken up. Special clinical equipments are used to get the eggs fertilized. In certain cases a single sperm is injected into each egg so that fertilization is ensured. Once the fertilization is done in this manner the eggs are allowed to develop into embryos. Embryos usually consist of two or four cells. They are inserted into the woman’s uterus. They are placed in a fluid and then inserted into the uterus by a catheter. In order to increase the possibility of pregnancy, often several embryos are inserted.
Risks of the process
Even if you opt for IVF treatment, you need to know the risks that exist. As several embryos are fertilized and implanted, there are chances that twins or more babies might form. With more than one fetus, there are chances of miscarriages or early delivery. Women might suffer from vomiting, bloating or abdominal pain during the impregnation period. These are certain side effects of the treatment that one needs to be aware of. It is necessary to seek consultation with an expert before one decides to go forward with the treatment.