As humans we accumulate a lot of rubbish on a daily basis. This ranges from food waste to empty bottles, plastic containers etc. This of course is the rubbish that is accumulated at home. When you move towards commercial sites there are all kinds of waste that needs to be disposed of. Hospitals have medical waste that needs to be properly disposed of and then if you look at energy facilities there are stuff like radioactive waste.
When it comes to commercial sites and workplaces there is sanitary disposal to consider as well. This involves the disposal of feminine hygiene products like pads, tampons and such. Medical wastes of course includes of stuff like syringes, fluids and such. All of these kinds of wastes need to be properly separated before disposing. This is very important as some of these wastes needs to be gotten rid of separately to normal waste as these could cause a lot of health issues if it contaminates the environment. Especially medical waste could cause the spread of many diseases and bacteria. Furthermore certain bacteria could even mutate when it comes into contact with normal garbage and could cause drastic consequences. So take extra care when disposing of this kind of waste.
Of course separating of garbage is not restricted to medical waste and sanitary disposal in Sydney. You need to separate normal garbage as well. Like for an example glass and plastic needs to be separated form normal waste. Normal waste like food waste easily degrades over time and gets absorbed by the earth. But this does not apply to plastic waste. It takes a very long time to degrade. So it is in the interest of avoiding environmental damage that you get rid of plastic materials separately.
There are two ways of getting rid of garbage usually once sorted. One of those ways is to use landfills. These are of course very expensive to maintain and you need to ensure that the bottom of the land fill is properly made to ensure that none of the toxins and fluids from the garbage does not seep into the soil and affect the water. Of course these need to be in an area with no residential areas around. For some countries this is not an option so these countries use the method of incineration. They simply burn the garbage. Of course this too has many environmental repercussions.
All in all what you must keep in mind when disposing garbage is to separate it. The best way to achieve this is to keep separate containers when collecting garage which makes it that much easier for the people disposing of it.